The latest innovations in interventional radiology biopsy procedures and parametric and molecular imaging are also described as is the relationship between contrast media and kidney function this book will be of great interest to all radiologists oncologists and urologists who are involved in the management of kidney pathologies in their . The latest innovations in interventional radiology biopsy procedures and parametric and molecular imaging are also described this book should be of great interest to all radiologists oncologists and urologists who are involved in the management of kidney pathologies in their daily clinical practice. Genitourinary radiology anatomy kidneys kidneys retroperitoneal against posterior abdominal wall at level of t12 l3 vertebrae the right kidney slightly lower than the left due to displacement by the right lobe of liver. At university radiology our interventional radiologists offer several image guided minimally invasive treatment options to relieve urinary problems the treatments often take advantage of special imaging technologies such as ultrasound as well as fluoroscopy which uses x rays to create real time moving images of structures inside the body. Gross anatomy location the kidneys are located on the posterior abdominal wall with one on either side of the vertebral column in the perirenal space the long axis of the kidney is parallel to the lateral border of the psoas muscle and lies on the quadratus lumborum muscle in addition the kidneys lie at an oblique angle that is the superior renal pole is more medial and anterior than
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