Bitumen extracted from the oil sands is a heavy crude oil which contains a large fraction of complex long chain hydrocarbon molecules depending on the extraction process used bitumen product can sometimes contains as much as 2 water and solids which does not meet pipeline specifications for transport over long distances. Upgrading oil sands and heavy oil is an essential part of oil sands development as it adds tremendous value to the raw resource it allows it to be further processed into fuels and lubricants at existing refineries and used as feedstock in petrochemical plants most of which are not engineered to handle these heavy feedstock. The company provides upgrading solutions and expertise in oil sands mining bitumen extraction upgrading bitumen into synthetic crude oil and supporting infrastructure and offsites fluors oil sands experience began in the late 1970s and continues today as heavy oil deposits fill an ever greater portion of the worlds energy needs. The tables of data on composition yield and behaviour of oilsands bitumen and heavy oil fractions are extensive though the focus is on bitumen from albertas oilsands the largest resource in the world the science applies to upgrading of heavy oil and petroleum residue feeds worldwide
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